Photography is an art, there’s no doubt about that. However, it is also a science. The more you know the better your photos. Similarly, the better tools you can buy, the highest the quality of your images. This is why it’s hard to say that talent is enough to take great pictures. If you are a beginner, you’ll find the following tips useful in your journey to become a great photographer.
First of all, you need to learn and apply the rule of three thirds in your visual composition. This is very easy to understand, as most cameras already come with the possibility of displaying a grid on the screen, overlapping the image. You have to place the most important subject in one of the intersections of the grid lines. This rule works well for all types of landscapes, as well as for most portraits. Sometimes, expert photographers may decide to break this rule. However, when you are a beginner, following it guarantees you good looking photos.
The focus is very important. It matters a lot what you focus on, especially when you use shallow depth of fields. The smaller the DoF, the more the background appears blurred, out of focus. This effect is very artistic. It allows the photographer detach the subject from the other elements in the picture. However, if you don’t focus where you should, your photos are going to appear rather dull and flat. When shooting people or animals, it’s good to focus on their eyes. This is how you can create the sensation that they are watching the viewer. If you focus on hands, paws or ears, you won’t get the expected effect and your audience isn’t going to be impressed.
Post processing can make the difference between a good photos and an average one. Nonetheless, you should avoid overdoing it, because the last thing you want is to obtain surreal landscapes and people looking like aliens. There are some effects that can make a photo more expressive, as well as some lens corrections. Those are good to use, because they are helpful. There are also lots of filters which may not be suitable for all images. You need to be selective when applying them, if you want people to appreciate your work.
Last but not least, experience is extremely important. You have to play with the manual settings of the camera, in order to understand how various parameters relate to each other. You need to experience shooting at various focal lengths and with various ISO settings. The more you practice, the better you’re going to get. Besides, it comes without saying that you have to master your camera. You need to read the manual thoroughly and be familiar with all stings, buttons and possibilities your camera has. This is the only way you can make full use of all its functions. When you’re going to meet a wild animal, the last thing you’ll want will be to start searching through your camera menus. Know your tools, that’s mandatory!